Pit Latrine Emptying Behaviour and Demand for Sanitation Services in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania

This paper uses data from a cross-sectional survey to explore the pit latrine emptying practices of and demand for fecal sludge management (FSM) services amongst unplanned communities in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. It finds that existing FSM options are limited and expensive, resulting in pits not being emptied as often as they should be or in a hygienic manner. It also finds a large latent demand for FSM services and a willingness to pay for such services by more than 50% of property owners. The paper also draws out policy recommendations for safe FSM in such settings.

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