Women's Sanitation Vulnerabilities

© 2007 Danny Tweve, Courtesy of Photoshare


Building on a study in India co-funded by SHARE and WSSCC in Phase I, this study, that will be undertaken by the University of Oklahoma and Johns Hopkins University, will explore women and girls’ sanitation vulnerabilities in Southern Tanzania. Applying the evolving understanding of gendered impacts of inadequate water and sanitation services, and using mixed methods, the study will:

  1. Examine the gender-specific water and sanitation needs of women and girls though specific life stages
  2. Explore the impact of inadequate and/or constrained access to water and sanitation on psychosocial stress, violence, education, and drudgery
  3. Adapt and apply measures of sanitation-related distress and water insecurity among a sample of women and assess relationships with international standard measures of psychosocial distress and quality of life.



SHARE contributes to achieving universal access to effective, sustainable and equitable sanitation and hygiene by generating evidence to improve policy and practice worldwide.