image description

City-wide sanitation project publishes situational analyses of its four focus cities

31 March 2014

SHARE partners Shack/Slum Dwellers (SDI), together with their affiliates and the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), have just published four  situational analyses of the four focus cities in their SHARE-funded City-Wide Sanitation Project.

Rapidly growing urban populations and informal settlements coupled with inadequate sanitation provision create a concerning picture in the majority of major cities in developing countries. The Sanitation Project seeks to address this. One of the first steps was the analysis of the current situation in the four cities under study - Blantyre in Malawi, Chenhoyi in Zimbabwe and Dar es Salaam in Tanzania and Kitwe in Zambia. These reports seek to give an overview of the current situation in the four focus cities with regards water and sanitation provision.

A few issues across all four situational analyses, including the issue of affordability for communities (in Kitwe, for instance, around 39% of the monthly income of an average household goes towards water), lack of appropriate low cost sanitation technology, and insufficient human capital due to brain drain on the one hand and inadequate training and development on the other.

Access the full situational analyses here: 


Access a summary of each analysis here: 

Blantyre, Malawi, Policy Brief
Chinhoyi, Zimbabwe, Policy Brief 
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, Policy Brief 
Kitwe, Zambia, Policy Brief 

These situational analyses provide an important basis upon which the City-Wide Sanitation Project can build. The second year of the project develops precedents to exemplify new and effective sanitation solutions. These precedents have been identified because of their relevance to addressing needs in the city and their potential to scaling up sanitation provision. The third and final year of the project is dedicated to planning to expand provision to those in the city without adequate sanitation. It is anticipated that this final year will develop a city-wide strategy for inclusive sanitation and include agreements with local government that can help provide the foundations for such a strategy